NEP: Curriculum and Pedagogy

NEP: Curriculum and Pedagogy

Amidst the global shutdown and rising pandemic all the actors of the education industry are still processing the New Education Policy. With a lot of proposals some of them clear while many confusing, we had to do our part. We stepped in and now we’ve got the policy broken down clearly for all you readers. We have curated a six part blog series named “Decoding NEP”  where we pick up each block of the National Education Policy 2020 with a special speaker every week.

If you’re on a tight schedule, you can listen to this on our podcast “The Glentree Show” which is available on Spotify, Apple, Google Podcasts or any podcast streaming platform. I’m sure that you’ll benefit great from this blog or the podcast, whichever is your way to go ! 

The theme under which we would be reading today is “NEP:Curriculum and Pedagogy”. For our second episode, we had to bring out our  Principal, Ms. Sowmia Raguraman (Principal of Glentree Academy Sarjapur). Well, she had a lot to say, read on to find out ! 

HOST : What is your opinion on the New Education Policy?

SPEAKER : The New Education Policy outlines the changes that are going to take place in the education system in our country. In that way I highly welcome the New Education Policy. Now you see that children are intellectually evolving generation after generation and hence the new policy is going to keep the track of it. The policy also promises to focus on reforming teachers’ education and giving highest importance for teaching as a profession which indeed is a great proposal. 

Host : What is the difference between curriculum and

SPEAKER Both curriculum and pedagogy are important aspects of teaching. Curriculum it is nothing but content of any subject or syllabus or subject knowledge that you are going to impart to children at all levels. On the other hand pedagogy is a strategy or the methodology that you are going to use to implement this curriculum in the classroom. Pedagogy identifies and implements new ways of teaching methodologies avoid age old teaching methods and ensure that there is innovation in learning. 

 Host : The most striking aspect in the policy is “achieving Foundational Literacy and Numeracy by 2025”. How is this going to be possible with differences in regions and boards of education?  

SPEAKER: Let us first  understand what is foundational literacy and numeracy, it simply means that every individual must be able to read, write, draw and do basic math operations.  The policy also states the same thing that Every child should be able to read, write and do basic mathematical operations by 2025. However this can be achieved only when an age appropriate curriculum  or NEP common curriculum is followed by all boards across all regions. While doing so, achieving the said goal is not going to be  an issue going to be  definitely a laborious process filled with challenges. 


HOST : The new policy also dictates that teaching will be done in regional language(mother tongue) upto a certain grade(grade5), please discuss this?

SPEAKER : There are quite a lot of confusing proposals in the policy and this is one of them. Until now English has become the common language of learning and bringing teaching in mother tongue is an idea to be still thought about. However we’re still waiting for approval of this policy. Wondering how we are going to implement this across the states and boards we still require some sort of clarity. From a personal perspective, teaching in home language probably  helps in faster understanding of concepts. However it cannot be widely used for our students belonging to urban and suburban areas as the classrooms have mixed students. Hence, it is too early to make a decision to switch to teaching in mother tongues. 


Host : Examinations are the most important method of testing the student’s capability. With changes in the new policy, please briefly explain the changes in examination structure from the age of 3-18 years? How are the teachers going to cope for it? What are your thoughts on common entrance exams?


SPEAKER : Exams are definitely the most important tool but not the
only tool for assessing a student’s capability. They are definitely going to
have board exams for grades 10 and 12. The new policy while speaking of
examinations speaks of assessing skills and understanding. While speaking of the common entrance exams it is a great policy as the testing will be unbiased and the students are tested on their cognitive skills. It is better to have one common national exam for every profession as it reduces the use of resources like time and money. 

 Host : “Experiential Learning” for grades 6-8, how is this policy going to turn tables?  


SPEAKER : It is actually a term that has existed in the education policies but now being revered back with importance.The policy just shows how students from grades 6 to 8 will have some sort of internships and projects to give them a unique hands on learning experience. We all know that there are different types of learners, some are auditory, some visual and some are kinesthetic. To attend to the needs of all these learners it is important for us to now infuse new models to include students of different modes and needs of learning. Hence, this concept of “experiential learning” or internship-based learning is definitely going to be an added advantage.


HOST: There are several new concepts like “coding, artificial intelligence, robotics” and other tech-related aspects being mentioned in the policy. Are they really the need of the hour? 


SPEAKER : The year 2020 has shifted the entire globe upside down. We are now technologically progressing and have quickly adapted to these gadgets and technology. This has led to technology becoming a life skill. Concepts like coding and robotics are now very important for every student as everyone as they all are digital natives. Now that everything is based around technology it is important for students to be up to date with technology through these concepts.

 HOST :Does the policy take into aspect the rural-urban divide in terms of curriculum? 

SPEAKER : Even today there are many educational programs that are not available for students from rural areas. The one way by which the gap can be made narrow is that the curriculum must be formulated in mother tongue so that it becomes easier for the students in the primary level to take up schooling. Let us now just hope that the New Education Policy brings equality between rural and urban students.

HOST : As an educator for over 2 decades, how is this policy going to reap the benefits in the years to come?

SPEAKER : Being an educator I have always wanted for positive changes to take place in the education industry. The New  Education Policy has laid down several plans and proposals which are going to pave the way for a great change in our education industry. The policy empowers the students, teachers and other actors of the industry if implemented with the right intent our country will definitely be in par with international countries in terms of knowledge. 

We’ve wrapped up our second post, come back here next Wednesday to find out what our experts had to say on “Teacher Education and Assessment” with respect to the National Education Policy.


That’s the second post of our series “Decoding NEP”. If you have any questions or queries be sure to comment it down we’re glad to help you out. If reading is a buzzkill for you, tune into our podcast “The Glentree Show” you can find it on Spotify, Apple, Google Podcasts or any other podcast streaming platform. Or just click on the play button below, you can listen to it with ease! 

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